The textile industry in India is one of the oldest industry. Textiles is a very vast sector. The sector is mainly concerned with the design, production, and distribution of yarn, cloth and clothing. The raw material may be natural, or synthetic using products of the chemical industry. The textile sector is the second largest after agriculture in rendering employment. The sector contributes 14 percent to industrial production and 4 percent to GDP. The domestic Textile & Garments industry stood at $ 140 bn in 2018.
The factors which create lots of jobs in this sector is
- The number of operations and need for human endeavors (physical and thoughtful efforts) at various levels. Textiles start from the field and end with the retail stores. Henceforth the supply chain is very much large which involves enormous stages, the number of operations to convert the fibre into yarn, fabric, and different end products(Apparels, upholstery, and towels) then the distribution of the goods.
- Lack of automation: Although a lot of automation is done but this particular sector still lacks automation. There are many areas where manpower is required. Some of the areas have health hazards.
- Cost of production: To keep the cost of production at lower levels, textiles always follow the geography where human resources are economical. For example, after China and Bangladesh, the textiles are showing extraordinary growth potentials in countries like Vietnam, Cambodia, and Ethiopia.
- Skill: Textiles involves the scientific procedure of a minimum level And there are areas where the education and engineering know-how propels the opportunity of employment. Lots of Indian technicians are working in Bangladesh and other countries. Therefore the sector can accommodate the employees with a more generous range of education levels. Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana is a skill development initiative scheme of the Government of India for recognition and standardization of skills. Where the government encourages the industry and jobless people.
- Handloom: Textile sector also support the people without any qualification but have particular skills like tailoring, embroidery, tie-dye, Batic- Print, Hand block printing, and lots of regional handlooms products like khadi, sari, phulkari, etc.